Treatment Options for Hypoparathyroidism

Treatment Options for Hypoparathyroidism
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If you have been diagnosed with hypoparathyroidism, you likely have many questions about treatment options available to you. Here is some information that may help you.

Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition in which the body does not make enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH is vital to regulating and maintaining a balance of two minerals in the body — calcium and phosphorus. Low PTH levels lead to abnormally low levels of calcium and phosphorus.

The aim of treatment is to normalize the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body, relieving symptoms that can include numbness around the mouth or in the hands and feet, uncontrollable and painful spasms in the face, hands, arms, and feet, seizures, low blood pressure, anxiety or depression, brittle hair, and dental problems.

Conventional treatments

There are several conventional treatments your doctor may prescribe:

  • Oral calcium carbonate supplements can raise calcium blood levels. Care must be taken, though, since high doses of calcium can cause gastrointestinal problems.
  • High doses of vitamin D, usually in the form of calcitriol, can help your body absorb calcium and eliminate phosphorus.
  • Thiazide diuretics can help reduce the amount of calcium lost through the urine. However, some people, including those who have a genetic form of hypoparathyroidism, should not take this medicine.
  • Your doctor may prescribe magnesium supplements if you are experiencing symptoms due to low levels of this mineral.

PTH replacement therapy

Lifelong conventional therapy notwithstanding, studies suggest that, over time, raising calcium levels without increasing PTH may cause kidney insufficiency.

Results from a recent five-year study showed that, in the long term, PTH replacement therapy Natpara (Natpar in Europe) appeared to preserve kidney function.

Natpara is a synthetic form of PTH approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Association (FDA) for use in combination with supplements for patients who do not respond to supplements only. The therapy helps patients maintain acceptable calcium levels while reducing their supplement doses.

Scientists continue to study PTH replacement therapy for hypoparathyroidism. In particular, they are investigating teriparatide, which is FDA-approved for osteoporosis.

Ascendis Pharma is developing a treatment called TransCon PTH, containing a synthetic form of PTH. Top-line data from a Phase 2 trial called PaTH Forward (NCT04009291) found the therapy restored calcium and phosphate balance and eliminated the need for current standard care in adults.

Treating children

While the disorder is uncommon in children, it can still occur. Treatment and management can be challenging, particularly in babies, since too much vitamin D and calcium may lead to nephrocalcinosis (calcium deposits in kidneys) and nephrolithiasis (kidney stones).

For children who do not respond to conventional therapy — calcium and vitamin D supplements — PTH replacement therapy may be an option. At least one study has demonstrated that such treatment is safe and effective in maintaining stable calcium homeostasis in children.

 

Last updated: Oct. 16, 2020

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Hypoparathyroidism News is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

Mary M. Chapman began her professional career at United Press International, running both print and broadcast desks. She then became a Michigan correspondent for what is now Bloomberg BNA, where she mainly covered the automotive industry plus legal, tax and regulatory issues. A member of the Automotive Press Association and one of a relatively small number of women on the car beat, Chapman has discussed the automotive industry multiple times of National Public Radio, and in 2014 was selected as an honorary judge at the prestigious Cobble Beach Concours d’Elegance. She has written for numerous national outlets including Time, People, Al-Jazeera America, Fortune, Daily Beast, MSN.com, Newsweek, The Detroit News and Detroit Free Press. The winner of the Society of Professional Journalists award for outstanding reporting, Chapman has had dozens of articles in The New York Times, including two on the coveted front page. She has completed a manuscript about centenarian car enthusiast Margaret Dunning, titled “Belle of the Concours.”
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Özge has a MSc. in Molecular Genetics from the University of Leicester and a PhD in Developmental Biology from Queen Mary University of London. She worked as a Post-doctoral Research Associate at the University of Leicester for six years in the field of Behavioural Neurology before moving into science communication. She worked as the Research Communication Officer at a London based charity for almost two years.
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Mary M. Chapman began her professional career at United Press International, running both print and broadcast desks. She then became a Michigan correspondent for what is now Bloomberg BNA, where she mainly covered the automotive industry plus legal, tax and regulatory issues. A member of the Automotive Press Association and one of a relatively small number of women on the car beat, Chapman has discussed the automotive industry multiple times of National Public Radio, and in 2014 was selected as an honorary judge at the prestigious Cobble Beach Concours d’Elegance. She has written for numerous national outlets including Time, People, Al-Jazeera America, Fortune, Daily Beast, MSN.com, Newsweek, The Detroit News and Detroit Free Press. The winner of the Society of Professional Journalists award for outstanding reporting, Chapman has had dozens of articles in The New York Times, including two on the coveted front page. She has completed a manuscript about centenarian car enthusiast Margaret Dunning, titled “Belle of the Concours.”
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